Family accommodation in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a study on associated variables
The present study aimed to examine family accommodation in relatives of obesessive-compulsive disease (OCD) patients. Accommodation was assessed in a sample of 31 relatives of OCD patients by means of the Family Accommodation Scale. Other variables measured as predictor of accommodation were tendency of a familymember to feel guilty, sensitivity to guilt, anxiety sensitivity and the prevalence of a passive communication style.
Accommodation was found to be rather widespread in the family members who took part in our study, and they tended to show more accommodation the greater their sensitivity to guilt and the stable tendency to experience this emotion as well as anxiety sensitivity and passive communication style. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that, among the variables considered, the family member’s sensitivity to guilt is the only factor which can predict accommodation with regard to the patient’s demands for involvement. On the other hand, the small number of family members in the sample and the lack of clinical data of patients (such as the severity, typology and duration of their obsessive-compulsive disorder) pose limits to the generalizability of the results and point to the need for further research.