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Role of Responsibility in Conditional Reasoning

Casa Editrice: Psychological Reports
Anno: 2002, 91, 275-288
Autore: Mancini F.; Gangemi A.

Abstract: A series of recent studies showed that facilitation on the Wason Selection Task could be produced by perceived utilities. The present work was aimed at testing whether a similar factor could also be involved in human reasoning performance in the context of responsibility. We supposed that the motivation of the subject assuming responsibility is affected by normative goals.

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Responsibility, guilt and decision under risk

Casa Editrice: Psychological Reports
Anno: 2003, 93, 1077-1079
Autore: F. Mancini; A. Gangemi

Abstract: Summary. In this paper, we hypothesize that individuals’ choices (risk-seeking/risk-aversion) depend on moral values, and in particular on how subjects evaluate themselves, as guilty or as victims of a wrong, rather than on the descriptions of the outcomes as given in the options and evaluated accordingly as gains or losses (framing effect). People who evaluate themselves as victims are expected to show a risk-seeking preference (context of innocence).

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Manipulation of Responsibility in non clinical subjects: does expectation of failure exacerbate obsessive-compulsive behaviors?

Casa Editrice: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Anno: 2004, 42, 449-457
Autore: F. Mancini; F. D’Olimpio; L. Cieri

Abstract: An exaggerated sense of responsibility is currently considered as the ground for the obsessive–compulsive disorder. Obsessive-like behaviors, such as hesitations and checks, may be induced in non-clinical subjects by increasing perceived responsibility (i.e., perceived personal influence on negative outcomes).

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The Role of Responsibility and Fear of Guilt in Hypothesis-Testing

Casa Editrice: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Anno: 2006, 37, pp. 333-346
Autore: Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

Abstract: Recent theories argue that both perceived responsibility and fear of guilt increase obsessive-like behaviours. We propose that hypothesis-testing might account for this effect. Both perceived responsibility and fear of guilt, would influence subjects’ hypothesis-testing, by inducing a prudential style.

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