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2015

Do not play God: contrasting effects of deontological guilt and pride on decision-making
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Do not play God: contrasting effects of deontological guilt and pride on decision-making

Alessandra Mancini, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Recent accounts support the existence of two distinct feelings of guilt: altruistic guilt, arising from the appraisal of not having been altruistic towards a victim and deontological guilt, emerging from the appraisal of having violated an intuitive moral rule. Neuroimaging data has shown that the two guilt feelings trigger different neural networks, with deontological guilt selectively activating the insula, a ...

Journal Article: Frontiers in Psychology, 6 , pp. 1251, 2015, ISSN: 1664-1078.

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1066

An experimental re-examination of the inferential confusion hypothesis of obsessive–compulsive doubt

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, Reuven Dar

ABSTRACT: AbstractBackground and objectives The inferential confusion hypothesis postulates that obsessive doubt is perpetuated by a subjective form of reasoning characterized primarily by a distrust of reality and an overreliance on imagined possibilities. However, experimental evidence for this hypothesis may be compromised by a potential confound between type of information (reality vs. possibility) and its valence (danger ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 48 , pp. 90 - 97, 2015, ISSN: 0005-7916.

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1352

Deontological guilt and obsessive compulsive disorder

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Background and objectives The emotion of guilt plays a pivotal role in the genesis and maintenance of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). But what kind of guilt do OC patients want to prevent? Several studies suggest the existence of two different types of guilt emotions, namely deontological and altruistic guilt. This research suggests that the former, more than the latter, is involved in OCD. Studies in which ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 49, Part B , pp. 157 - 163, 2015, ISSN: 0005-7916, (Special Issue: Innovations in Understanding and Treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder).

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1412

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for externalizing disorders: A meta-analysis of treatment effectiveness

Gemma Battagliese, Maria Caccetta, Olga Ines Luppino, Chiara Baglioni, Valentina Cardi, Francesco Mancini, Carlo Buonanno

ABSTRACT: Abstract Externalizing disorders are the most common and persistent forms of maladjustment in childhood. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to reduce externalizing symptoms in two disorders: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositive Defiant Disorder (ODD). The efficacy of CBT to improve social competence and ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 75 , pp. 60 - 71, 2015, ISSN: 0005-7967.

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The relevance of maintaining and worsening processes in psychopathology

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT:  ...

Journal Article: Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38 , 2015.

2014

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1041

Neurobiological mechanisms underlying abnormal processing of guilt, disgust and intentionality in obsessive-compulsive disorder: A critical review

Barbara Basile, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Many different and innovative neuroimaging techniques have been developed in the last decades. Functional neuroimaging allows detecting what is happening in our brain at rest or while performing a specific cognitive or emotional task, while structural methods are concerned with the physical organization of the brain, considering both micro- and macro-structural aspects. Starting from these recent developments, ...

Journal Article: Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 11 (6), pp. 187-193, 2014.

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1252

Towards a deeper understanding of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Barbara Barcaccia, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has been ranked by the World Health Organization as one of the ten most handicapping illnesses by lost income and decreased quality of life (Veale 2007). It is well known that the disorder is not limited to one culture or one period of time, since it has been found in different culture or one period of time, since it has been found in different cultures and in different parts of ...

Journal Article: Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 11 (6), pp. 149-151, 2014.

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1121

Do we need a cognitive theory for obsessive-compulsive disorder? Yes, we do

Francesco Mancini, Barbara Barcaccia

ABSTRACT: Nowadays a general trend in psychiatry and clinical psychology, claming to explain mental illness and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in particular as a neurological disease, seems to be in ascendant. The purpose of this position paper is to rebut this perspective on OCD and demonstrate that an Appraisal Theory (AT) of the disorder, is necessary and sufficient in order to account for proximal determinants in the ...

Journal Article: Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 11 (6), pp. 197-203, 2014.

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2884

Meriti e demeriti della nuova categoria del DSM-5: “Disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo e disturbi correlati”

Francesco Mancini, Claudia Perdighe

ABSTRACT: Negli ultimi decenni si è arrivati a una comprensione sempre più accurata dello stato mentale che regola i pensieri e comportamenti ossessivi. Questa comprensione della complessa fenomenologia del disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo rischia di perdersi nel momento in cui, come fa il DSM-5 con l’introduzione della categoria disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo e disturbi correlati, si promuove una comprensione dei disturbi in ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 20 (3), pp. 281-293, 2014.

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0

The Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3: Factor structure and psychometric properties in Italian clinical and non- clinical samples

Nicola Petrocchi, Katia Tenore, Couyoumdjian A., Andrea Gragnani

ABSTRACT: Lo studio descrive le caratteristiche psicometriche dell’Anxiety Sensitivity Index - 3 (ASI-3) che è stato tradotto in italiano con la procedura della back-translation e somministrato ad un campione misto di pazienti con disturbi d’ansia (n = 154) e soggetti non clinici (n = 629), assieme a misure di anxiety sensitivity, depressione e ansia. L’analisi fattoriale confermativa ha confermato la struttura con un ...

Journal Article: Bollettino di Psicologia Applicata (BPA), (269), pp. 53-64, 2014.

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1286

Review of Obsessive Compulsive Disorders Theories

Leonardo Fava, S. Bellantuono, A. Bizzi, M.L. Cesario, B. Costa, E. De Simoni, M. Di Nuzzo, S. Fadda, S. Gazzellini, A. Lo Iacono, C. Macchini, P. Mallozzi, D. Marfisi, F.F. Mazza, E. Paluzzi, C. Pecorario M., Esposito, P. Pierini, D. Saccucci, V. Siçlvestre, R. Stefani, K. Strauss, S. Turreni, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: The present review aimed to analyze the scientific literature untill 2010 about the theories of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in order to make clear how a biological and cognitive hypotheses might be integrated in a comprehensive point of view. In the analysis, at biological level were included neuroanatomic and neurophysiologic models and animal models;  ...

Journal Article: Global Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 (1), pp. 1-13, 2014.

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1300

Feelings of error in reasoning—in search of a phenomenon

Amelia Gangemi, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Recent research shows that in reasoning tasks, subjects usually produce an initial intuitive answer, accompanied by a metacognitive experience, which has been called feeling of rightness. This paper is aimed at exploring the complimentary experience of feeling of error (FOE), that is, the spontaneous, subtle sensation of cognitive uneasiness arising from conflict detection during thinking. We investigate FOE in two ...

Journal Article: Thinking & Reasoning, 21 (4), pp. 383-396, 2014.

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1071

Behavior as information about threat in anxiety disorders: A comparison of patients with anxiety disorders and non-anxious controls

Marcel van den Hout, Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, Iris M. Engelhard, Marleen M. Rijkeboer, Marcel van Dams, Irene Klugkist

ABSTRACT: AbstractBackground Gangemi, Mancini, and van den Hout (2012) argued that anxious patients use safety behaviors as information that the situation in which the safety behaviors are displayed is dangerous, even when that situation is objectively safe. This was concluded from a vignette study in which anxious patients and non-clinical controls rated the dangerousness of scripts that were safe or dangerous and in which ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 45 (4), pp. 489 - 495, 2014, ISSN: 0005-7916.

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463

Role of Deontological Guilt in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder–Like Checking and Washing Behaviors

Francesca D’Olimpio, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Questa è una bozza quindi questa versione non corrisponde esattamente all'orginale. Obsessions and compulsions are driven by the goal of preventing or neutralizing guilt. We investigated whether inducing deontological versus altruistic guilt in healthy volunteers could activate checking behaviors and physical cleaning. Participants were asked to listen to stories that induced deontological guilt, altruistic ...

Journal Article: Clinical Psychological Science, 2 (6), pp. 727-739, 2014.

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1155

Counterfactual thinking in moral judgment: an experimental study

Simone Migliore, Giuseppe Curcio, Francesco Mancini, Stefano F. Cappa

ABSTRACT: Counterfactual thinking is thinking about a past that did not happen. This is often the case in 'if only...' situations, where we wish something had or had not happened. To make a choice in a moral decision-making situation is particularly hard and, therefore, may be often associated with the imagination of a different outcome. The main aim of the present study is to investigate counterfactual thinking in the ...

Journal Article: Frontiers in Psychology, 5 , pp. 451, 2014, ISSN: 1664-1078.

2013

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1103

Abnormal processing of deontological guilt in obsessive--compulsive disorder

Barbara Basile and Francesco Mancini and Emiliano Macaluso and Carlo Caltagirone and Marco Bozzali

ABSTRACT: Guilt plays a significant role in the occurrence and maintenance of obsessive--compulsive disorder (OCD). Two major types of guilt have been identified: one deriving from the transgression of a moral rule (deontological guilt DG), another (altruistic guilt AG), relying on the assumption of having compromised a personal altruistic goal. Clinical evidence suggests that OCD patients are particularly sensitive to DG, ...

Journal Article: Brain Structure and Function, 219 (4), pp. 1321–1331, 2013, ISSN: 1863-2661.

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1163

Specific Dysphoric Symptoms Are Predicted by Early Maladaptive Schemas

Roberta Trincas, Cristina Ottaviani, Alessandro Couyoumdjian, Katia Tenore, Grazia Spitoni, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are cognitive patterns resulting from unmet core emotional needs in childhood that have been linked to the development of psychopathology. As depression is a multifaceted phenomenon, we hypothesized that specific dysphoric symptoms would be predicted by different EMSs. Four hundred and fifty-six participants completed a measure of EMSs (Young Schema Questionnaire) and reported on the ...

Journal Article: The Scientific World Journal, (231965), pp. 7, 2013.

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1265

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and propensity to guilt feelings and to disgust

Francesca D’Olimpio, Teresa Cosentino, Barbara Basile, Katia Tenore, Andrea Gragnani, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Objective: According to a large scientific literature, propensity to guilt feeling and to disgust plays an important role in pathogenesis and maintenance of OCD. However it is still not completely clear whether OC patients show greater guilt and disgust propensity, when compared to healthy subjects and other anxiety disorders, whether checkers and washers OCD subtypes show some differences in their guilt and disgust ...

Journal Article: Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 10 (3), pp. 20-29, 2013.

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1116

Emotion, reasoning, and psychopathology

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, P.N. Johnson-Laird

ABSTRACT: This chapter addresses the two main mysteries of psychopathology: what causes psychological illnesses and what maintains them. One prevalent view is that both result from faulty reasoning. Yet, healthy individuals also err in their reasoning. The chapter outlines an alternative account, the hyper-emotion theory that attributes these illnesses to emotions of a pathological intensity. These hyper-emotions enhance ...

Miscellaneous: 2013, ISBN: 978-1-84872-118-0.

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1100

Phobias of Attachment-Related Inner States in the Psychotherapy of Adult Survivors of Childhood Complex Trauma

Giovanni Liotti

ABSTRACT: The clinical case described in this article illustrates the value of taking into account the dynamics of disorganized attachment in the assessment of attachment-related phobias (phobia of attachment and phobia of attachment loss) during the psychotherapy of chronically traumatized patients. These seemingly opposite phobias typically coexist in the same patient, appear as phobias of both inner states (affect phobias) ...

Journal Article: Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69 (11), pp. 1136–1147, 2013, ISSN: 1097-4679.

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1185

Moral choices: The influence of the “Do not play God” principle

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: A wide literature demonstrates that people prefer harm caused by omissions over equal or lesser harm caused by actions. This omission bias has been explained referring to several principles, such as causality or responsibility. A convincing research view has been suggested by Sunstein (2005): harmful acts are generally worse than harmful omissions when moral intuitions reflect the “Do not play God” principle: ...

Conference: Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Cognitive Science Society Cooperative minds: Social Interaction and group dynamics, 2013.

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1112

Parent inclusion in early intensive behavior interventions for young children with ASD: A synthesis of meta-analyses from 2009 to 2011

K. Strauss, Francesco Mancini, Leonardo Fava

ABSTRACT: Abstract This paper presents a comprehensive synthesis of six meta-analyses of early intensive behavioral interventions (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders published from 2009 to 2011. Analysis was conducted in three steps to account for different formats of treatment delivery and the extent to which parents took part in treatment. The three components of the synthesis were (a) descriptive ...

Journal Article: Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34 (9), pp. 2967 - 2985, 2013, ISSN: 0891-4222.

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0

Relazioni tra temperamento, carattere e predisposizione alla noia nei disturbi da uso di sostanze

Giovanni Fioriti Editore S.r.l. (Ed.)

ABSTRACT: La noia è inquadrabile dal punto di vista scopistico come un’emozione che segnala lo stallo del sottosistema-mente, per la rilevazione dell’assenza di scopi attivi o l’impossibilità di arricchire il patrimonio di conoscenze. L’inclinazione alla noia è correlata in letteratura con dimensioni come il sensation seeking, che paiono avere un ruolo importante nei Disturbi da Uso di Sostanze (DUS). Sono stati ...

Periodical: 134-148 10 (2), 2013.

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2395

La noia nei disturbi dell’umore: esperienze cliniche e di ricerca

L.Lari, Andrea Gragnani, S. Calugi, M. Saettoni

ABSTRACT:  ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 10 (1), pp. 45-64, 2013.

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1291

Intrapsychic and interpersonal guilt: a critical review of the recent literature

Serena Carni, Nicola Petrocchi, Carlamaria Del Miglio, Francesco Mancini, Alessandro Couyoumdjian

ABSTRACT: Various authors hold that some emotions (i.e., moral emotions) have the function of orienting people toward ethical actions. In addition to embarrassment, shame and pride, the moral emotion of guilt is believed to affect humans' behavior when they carry out transgressions that violate social and cultural standards. Over the past century, many studies (including controversial ones) have been conducted on guilt. In ...

Journal Article: Cognitive Processing, 14 (4), pp. 333–346, 2013, ISSN: 1612-4790.

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1268

Autonomic correlates of physical and moral disgust

Cristina Ottaviani, Francesco Mancini, Nicola Petrocchi, Barbara Medea, Alessandro Couyoumdjian

ABSTRACT: Abstract Given that the hypothesis of a common origin of physical and moral disgust has received sparse empirical support, this study aimed to shed light on the subjective and autonomic signatures of these two facets of the same emotional response. Participants (20 men, 20 women) were randomly assigned to physical or moral disgust induction by the use of audio scripts while their electrocardiogram was continuously ...

Journal Article: International Journal of Psychophysiology, 89 (1), pp. 57 - 62, 2013, ISSN: 0167-8760.

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1137

Why is research so important and why should scholars, researchers and psychotherapists in the field of obsessive-compulsive disorder join forces in order to deepen their knowledge of this highly disabling disorder?

Barbara Barcaccia, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (oCd) has been ranked by the world Health organization as one of the ten most handicapping illnesses by lost income and decreased quality of life (veale 2007). it is well known that the disorder is not limited to one culture or one period of time, since it has been found in different cultures and in different parts of the world, with its basic characteristics ...

Journal Article: Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 11 (6), pp. 149-151, 2013.

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1275

Models and cognitive change in psychopathology

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, P. N. Johnson-Laird

ABSTRACT: The hyper-emotion theory attributes psychological illnesses to emotions of aberrant intensity, which in turn prompt better reasoning about their causes. Two experiments in which participants drew their own conclusions from syllogistic premises tested this prediction. Individuals from the same populations as the experimental participants rated the believability of likely conclusions. One experiment compared patients ...

Journal Article: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25 (2), pp. 157-164, 2013.

2012

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1049

The Role of Personal Goals in Depressive Reaction to Adverse Life Events: A Cross-Sectional Study

Alessandro Couyoumdjian, Cristina Ottaviani, Roberta Trincas, Grazia Spitoni, Katia Tenore, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Consistent with cognitive views of depression, we aimed to investigate the mediating role of personal goals in the relationship between stressful events and distinct patterns of depressive symptoms in a nonclinical sample. Participants identified a dysphoric episode that occurred in the previous year by reporting the severity of 12 depressive symptoms and their plausible cause. A goal taxonomy was used to determine ...

Journal Article: The Scientific World Journal, (810341), pp. 8, 2012.

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1053

«Do I love her or not?!» Intervention on fear of being despised: An obsessive-compulsive disorder case presentation

Teresa Cosentino, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: In this article we present a patient with obsessive-compulsive (OCD), treated with cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). The patient was afraid of behaving immorally and of being despised by others or by himself because of his behaviour. We focused on his acceptance of the possibility that one could be despised instead of focusing on intrusive thoughts and compulsive behaviour (originating from his fear), as is the ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 18 (2), pp. 1-3, 2012.

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1781

Perché si soffre? Il ruolo della non accettazione nella genesi e nel mantenimento della sofferenza emotiva

Francesco Mancini, Claudia Perdighe

ABSTRACT: In questo articolo ci poniamo il problema della cause prossimali e distali della sofferenza emotiva in una cornice cognitivista. La tesi che sosteniamo è la seguente: la sofferenza può essere concettualizzata come un problema di non accettazione, ovvero di iperinvestimento su uno scopo compromesso o su uno scopo minacciato. La compromissione di uno scopo personale produce inevitabilmente un  ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 9 , 2, 95-115 (2, 95-115), pp. 95-115, 2012.

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1620

Il paziente ossessivo: rappresentazioni relative all’intervento di aiuto e impasse terapeutiche

Angelo Maria Saliani, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Questo lavoro ha lo scopo di descrivere le impasse terapeutiche che si incontrano nel trattamento del disturbo ossessivo avendo come oggetto privilegiato della nostra analisi le rappresentazione del paziente. In particolare, cercheremo di rispondere alle seguenti domande: come valuta il paziente ossesso l'aiuto psicologico proposto dal terapeuta? Quali sono le specifiche valutazioni che ostacolano o rendono persino ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 9 (2), 2012.

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1154

A case report of obsessive- compulsive disorder: Reduce fear of guilt to reduce symptoms

Claudia Perdighe, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: n this study, we present the case of a 27-year-old man who experienced obsessive symptoms for over ten years and then underwent treatment focused on reducing feelings of guilt. Although the patient had already received behavioural cognitive therapy, his symptoms did not significantly improve. After only a few interventions intended to manipulate guilt into non-symptomatic domains, we observed a reduction in ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 18 (3 ), pp. 343-356, 2012.

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1544

Acceptance of being guilty in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Teresa Cosentino, Francesca D’Olimpio, Claudia Perdighe, Giuseppe Romano, Angelo Maria Saliani, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Results of different studies support the notion that obsessive activity is aimed at preventing misdeeds in the symptomatic domain and that OC patients judge the possibility of being guiltyas unacceptable. These findings lead to the hypothesis that increasing acceptability of being guilty, even in non-symptomatic domains, reduces OC symptoms. This paper reports the outcomes of 4 patients with obsessive-compulsive ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, (Monograph Supplement), pp. 39-56, 2012.

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1587

Behavior as information: “If I avoid, then there must be a danger”

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, Marcel van den Hout

ABSTRACT: Background and objectives Cognitive models of anxiety disorders view safety-seeking behaviors (i.e., avoidance, washing, etc.) as playing a crucial role in the maintenance of irrational fear. An explanation of how these behaviors may contribute to the maintenance of unrealistic beliefs is that patients use their safety behaviors as a source of information about the situation (behavior as information): the behavior ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43 (4), pp. 1032 - 1038, 2012, ISSN: 0005-7916.

2011

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1578

Fear of deontological guilt and fear of contamination in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Con la finalità di contribuire a una maggiore comprensione del disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo, nel presente articolo sosterremo l'esistenza di due differenti emozioni di colpa: il senso di colpa altruistico e il senso di colpa deontologico. Secondo le teorie dell'appraisal, i due sensi di colpa differiscono rispetto agli scopi che potrebbero essere minacciati: lo scopo altruistico di non trarre profitto da un altro ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 17 (3), pp. 35-404, 2011.

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1577

Eliciting Guilty Feeling: A preliminary Study Differentiating Deontological and Altruistic Guilt

Barbara Basile, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Guilt has been identified as both an intrapsychic and an interpersonal emotion. The current study presents evidence of the existence of two senses of guilt, deontological and altruistic guilt, induced through different experimental paradigms. Deontological guilt evolves from having slighted moral authority or norms, while altruistic guilt arises from selfish behavior and the distress of others. We hypothesize that ...

Journal Article: Psychology, 2 (2), pp. 98-102, 2011.

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1568

Deontological and Altruistic Guilt: Evidence for Distinct Neurobiological Substrates

Barbara Basile, Francesco Mancini, Emiliano Macaluso, Carlo Caltagirone, Richard S.J. Frackowiak, Marco Bozzali

ABSTRACT: The feeling of guilt is a complex mental state underlying several human behaviors in both private and social life. From a psychological and evolutionary viewpoint, guilt is an emotional and cognitive function, characterized by prosocial sentiments, entailing specific moral believes, which can be predominantly driven by inner values (deontological guilt) or by more interpersonal situations (altruistic guilt). The ...

Journal Article: Human Brain Mapping , (2), pp. 229–239, 2011.

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1242

Interpersonal Vicious Cycles in Anxiety Disorders

Angelo Maria Saliani, Barbara Barcaccia, Francesco Mancini

Book Chapter: Michela Rimondini (Ed.): Communication in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, pp. 149–183, Springer New York, New York, NY, 2011, ISBN: 978-1-4419-6807-4.

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1950

I paradossi delle depressione

Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Gli essere umani, di solito, reagiscono depressivamente alla compromissione di scopi, se non si rappresentano una speranza di ripristino o di valida sostituzione. La compromissione può assumere la forma della perdita di un bene o di un fallimento. Per semplicità faremo riferimento solo alla perdita di un bene, fermo restando che intendiamo con questa espressione anche fallimenti o, più in generale, ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico 7, 2, 142-159, 7 (2), pp. 142-159, 2011.

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1672

Trattamento breve con l’uso dell’esposizione enterocettiva in un caso di disturbo di panico con agorafobia

Andrea Gragnani, Teresa Cosentino, Antonella Bove, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Nell’articolo si descrive un trattamento cognitivo-comportamentale breve centrato sul sintomo in un paziente con disturbo di panico con agorafobia. L’intervento si è avvalso di tecniche di esposizione enterocettiva per modificare l’interpretazione erronea dei sintomi temuti. Al termine del trattamento, il paziente ha riportato una remissione della sintomatologia e una generalizzazione a situazioni di vita ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 17 (2), pp. 235-250, 2011.

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1468

Un modello cognitivo del disturbo di panico e dell'agorafobia : aspetti psicopatologici e trattamento

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani, Giulia Paradisi

ABSTRACT: Lo scopo di questo articolo risiede nel presentare un perfezionamento del modello cognitivista del Disturbo di Panico, in particolare quello di Clark, che nonostante abbia conseguito negli anni robuste prove empiriche e cliniche a supporto, considera l’agorafobia esclusivamente come una sottoclasse di evitamenti del Disturbo di Panico. Il nostro modello si propone di superare i limiti esplicativi del modello ...

Journal Article: Psicobiettivo, XXXI (3), pp. 36-54, 2011.

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1703

Il ragionamento nel Disturbo Ossessivo-Compulsivo

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: In questo articolo riassumiamo alcuni risultati di un filone di ricerca realizzato nell’ambito della Scuola di Psicoterapia Cognitiva (SPC) Associazione di Psicologia Cognitiva (APC), dedicato principalmente alla spiegazione del disturbo ossessivo compulsivo, vale a dire alla identificazione degli scopi e delle rappresentazioni che regolano la attività ossessivo-compulsiva e in particolare il ragionamento ...

Journal Article: Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 13 (2), pp. 191–216, 2011, ISSN: 2239-8031.

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1568

Il lutto: dai miti agli interventi di facilitazione dell’accettazione

Claudia Perdighe, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Lo scopo di questo articolo è porre l’attenzione da un lato su alcuni aspetti del lutto non ancora del tutto condivisi dai terapeuti, benché supportati da ampie evidenze cliniche e sperimentali, dall’altro sugli aspetti critici per l’accettazione o patologizzazione di un evento di perdita. L’articolo si inserisce nel più generale tema dell’accettazione, ovvero del fronteggiamento di una perdita. Il ...

Journal Article: Psicobiettivo, XXX (3), pp. 127-146, 2011.

2010

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Ipocondria

Angelo Maria Saliani, Andrea Gragnani, Francesco Mancini, Claudia Perdighe

ABSTRACT: In questo volume, in accordo con la tradizione cognitivista, la sfida lanciata dagli autori è proprio quella di utilizzare, nel modo più raffinato possibile e migliorandola, la psicologia intuitiva o ingenua della mente, nel tentativo di estenderla anche alla risoluzione di problemi che tradizionalmente la psicologia del senso comune ha avuto difficoltà ad affrontare, come ad esempio il fenomeno del paradosso ...

Journal Article: Elementi di Psicoterapia Cognitiva, II , pp. 175-207, 2010, ISBN: 9788895930763.

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1301

Disturbo post Traumatico da Stress in Elementi di Psicoterapia Cognitiva

Teresa Cosentino, Carlo Buonanno, Andrea Gragnani

ABSTRACT: In questo volume, in accordo con la tradizione cognitivista, la sfida lanciata dagli autori è quella di utilizzare, nel modo più raffinato possibile e migliorandola, la psicologia intuitiva o ingenua della mente, nel tentativo di estenderla anche alla risoluzione di problemi che tradizionalmente la psicologia del senso comune ha avuto difficoltà ad affrontare, come ad esempio il fenomeno del paradosso nevrotico, ...

Journal Article: Elementi di Psicoterapia Cognitiva, II (8), pp. 149-161, 2010, ISBN: 978-88-95930-16-9.

2009

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1349

Confirming the Three-Factor Structure of the Disgust Scale—Revised in Eight Countries

Bunmi O Olatunji, Melanie W. Moretz, Dean McKay, Fredrik Bjorklund, Peter J. de Jong, Jonathan Haidt, Timo J. Hursti, Sumio Imada, Silvia Koller, Francesco Mancini, Andrew C. Page Anne, Schienle

ABSTRACT: The current study evaluates the factor structure of the Disgust Scale—Revised (DS-R) in eight countries: Australia, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States (N = 2,606). Confirmatory factor analysis is used to compare two different models of the DS-R and to investigate the invariance of the factor structure of the DS-R across countries and gender. A three-factor solution ...

Journal Article: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40 (2), pp. 234-255, 2009.

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2282

La moralità nel disturbo antisociale di personalità

Francesco Mancini, Rosario Capo, Livia Colle

ABSTRACT: In questo articolo si esaminano le prove a favore delle sue tesi esplicative del disturbo antisociale di personalità che sono attualmente dominanti: le tesi del deficit di capacità empatica e la tesi del deficit di fearfuless. Entrambe le tesi presentano importanti limiti. Nella seconda parte dell'articolo si propone una tesi diversa perché riconduce il Disturbo Antisociale ad un particolare insieme di scopi ed ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 6 (2), pp. 161-177, 2009.

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1678

Current Targets in Obsessive-Compulsive Patients

Francesco Mancini, Claudia Perdighe, Francesca Micaela Serrani

ABSTRACT: Scopo del presente articolo è fornire un contributo alla definizione degli scopi che effettivamente regolano l’attività ossessiva. A tal fine verranno presentati i dati emersi da una prima indagine clinica finalizzata a identificare gli obiettivi perseguiti con i comportamenti ossessivi da un gruppo di pazienti giunto alla nostra osservazione. Per ciascun paziente, al fine di identificarne le principali ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 15 (3), pp. 353-363, 2009.

2008

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2451

Bloccati tra illusione e disperazione. Una nuova ipotesi cognitivista sul disturbo bipolare

Francesco Mancini, Antonella Rainone

ABSTRACT: In questo lavoro viene presentata un'ipotesi cognitivista di comprensione dei disturbi dell'umore nuova e alternativa a quella classica. Tale ipotesi individua nel processo di lutto il modello basico della depressione e nella perdita il nucleo dell'esperienza depressiva, come già Freud e poi Bowlby avevano suggerito. Adottando quest'ipotesi all'interno di una visione cognitiva funzionalista, analizzeremo le ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 5 (1), pp. 64-87, 2008.

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