Ricerca pubblicazioni scientifiche

CERCA UN ARTICOLO

116 dati « 3 di 3 »

2004

 40
  65
838

Fear of guilt from behaving irresponsibly in obsessive–compulsive disorder

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Previous cognitive models of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) propose that inflated responsibility plays a key role in the maintenance of symptoms (Behav.Res.Ther. 28 (1985) 571). In this manuscript, we propose that this thesis may be improved by emphasizing that instead, OCD may be characterized by a fear of guilt that would result from behaving irresponsibly and/or from not behaving responsibly. We believe ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 35 (2), pp. 109 - 120, 2004, ISSN: 0005-7916, (Experimental approaches to understanding OCD).

 40
  65
1019

The influence of responsibility and guilt on naive hypothesis-testing

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Three experiments were used to investigate individuals' hypothesis-testing process as a function of moral perceived utilities, which in turn depend on perceived responsibility and fear of guilt. Moral perceived utilities are related to individuals' moral standards and specifically to people's attempt to face up to their own responsibilities, and to avoid feeling guilty of irresponsibility. The results showed that ...

Journal Article: Thinking & Reasoning, 10 (3), pp. 289-320, 2004.

 40
  65
1033

Aversion to risk and guilt

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Much research has shown that cognitive processes are largely guided by individuals' states of mind (Mancini & Gangemi, 2002a, in press; Smeets, de Jong, & Mayer, 2000). In this paper, we specifically consider a state of mind characterized by guilt for having acted irresponsibly. This state is currently considered the breeding ground for the obsessive–compulsive disorder (Rachman, 2002; Salkovskis & ...

Journal Article: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 11 (3), pp. 199–206, 2004, ISSN: 1099-0879.

 40
  65
916

Manipulation of responsibility in non-clinical subjects: does expectation of failure exacerbate obsessive–compulsive behaviors?

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Luca Cieri

ABSTRACT: An exaggerated sense of responsibility is currently considered as the ground for the obsessive–compulsive disorder. Obsessive-like behaviors, such as hesitations and checks, may be induced in non-clinical subjects by increasing perceived responsibility (i.e., perceived personal influence on negative outcomes). In line with Salkovskis’ proposal [The cognitive approach to anxiety: threat beliefs, safety-seeking ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42 (4), pp. 449 - 457, 2004, ISSN: 0005-7967.

2003

 40
  65
1343

L’efficacia delle tecniche cognitive nella riattribuzione della stima della probabilità

Andrea Gragnani, Beatrice Toro, Lara De Luca, Maura Cavagnoli, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Lo scopo di questo studio è valutare l'efficacia ed i principi di funzionamento di alcune tecniche di intervento utilizzate in ambito clinico al fine di ridurre la sovrastima delle probabilità di accadimento di eventi temuti. L' ipotesi principale del presente lavoro è che le tecniche cognitive "torta", "probabilità cumulate" (Van Oppen, Arntz, 1994) "piramide capovolta" (Wells, ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 9 (2), pp. 91-108, 2003.

 40
  65
850

Disgusto, Contagio e Cognizione, Psichiatria e Psicoterapia

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani

ABSTRACT:  ...

Journal Article: Psichiatria e Psicoterapia Analitica, 22 (1), pp. 38-47, 2003.

 40
  65
991

Responsibility, guilt and decision under risk

Andrea Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: In this paper, we hypothesize that individuals' choices (risk-seeking/risk-aversion) depend on moral values, and in particular on how subjects evaluate themselves, as guilty or as victims of a wrong, rather than on the descriptions of the outcomes as given in the options and evaluated accordingly as gains or losses (framing effect). People who evaluate themselves as victims are expected to show a risk-seeking ...

Journal Article: Psychological Reports, (93 ), pp. 1077-1079 , 2003.

 40
  65
667

Anxiety Sensitivity in età evolutiva. Rilevanza nella genesi e nel trattamento di alcuni disturbi mentali

Francesco Mancini, Rosario Capo

ABSTRACT: Nel presente elaborato vengono presi in esame i principali meccanismi ricorsivi responsabili della genesi e del mantenimento di disturbi mentali in età evolutiva. La trattazione si concentra prevalentemente sulla Anxiety Sensitivity, che consiste in una particolare attitudine cognitiva a temere le sensazioni neurovegetative connesse all'ansia. Vengono prese in esame le implicazioni per la genesi e il mantenimento ...

Journal Article: 40 , pp. 661-672, 2003.

 40
  65
1339

Timore di colpa e intolleranza all'incertezza

Amelia Gangemi, Barbara Baldini, Francesca Carini, Luca Cieri, Roberta Ciocci, Annarita Cioce, Serenella Ercoli, Tiziana Frellicca, Marinella Frenza, Diletta Masi, Eva Pozzolo, Bianca Reale, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: La letteratura cognitivista clinica riconosce allo stato mentale di colpa e di responsabilità un ruolo speciale nella genesi e nel mantenimento del Disturbo Ossessivo-Compulsivo (DOC). Tra gli altri aspetti il DOC si caratterizza per l'intolleranza all'incertezza, intesa come avversione alle scelte rischiose e preferenza per le scelte certe. Può lo stato mentale della colpa e della responsabilità contribuire a ...

Journal Article: 9 (1), 2003.

2002

 40
  65
930

Role of Responsibility in Conditional Reasoning

Francesco Mancini, Amella Gangemi

ABSTRACT: A series of recent studies showed that facilitation on the Wason Selection Task could be produced by perceived utilities. The present work was aimed at testing whether a similar factor could also be involved in human reasoning performance in the context of responsibility. We supposed that the motivation of the subject assuming responsibility is affected by normative goals. These goals prescribe the actions and the ...

Journal Article: Psychological Reports, 91 (1), pp. 275-288, 2002.

 40
  65
786

Obsessions and compulsions and intolerance for uncertainty in a non-clinical sample

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Marisa Del Genio, Fabrizio Didonna, Elena Prunetti

ABSTRACT: It has been hypothesized that decision-making difficulties in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder may arise from intolerance for uncertainty. We investigated the relationship between obsessivity and intolerance for uncertainty (defined in terms of need for cognitive closure), controlling for state and trait anxiety and depression. We tested non-clinical subjects through the Need for Closure Scale (NFCS), ...

Journal Article: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 16 (4), pp. 401 - 411, 2002, ISSN: 0887-6185.

2001

 40
  65
808

The connection between disgust and obsessions and compulsions in a non-clinical sample

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani, Francesca D'Olimpio

ABSTRACT: Although obsessive-compulsive patients (OCD) frequently report thoughts and compulsions about dirt and contamination, there is scarce evidence for a relationship between disgust and OCD. This study investigates whether there is a specific relationship between obsessive symptoms and disgust, independently of general psychological distress symptoms. We tested 278 non-clinical volunteers, through the Disgust Scale ...

Journal Article: Personality and Individual Differences, 31 (7), pp. 1173 - 1180, 2001, ISSN: 0191-8869.

 40
  65
871

Responsibility attitude, obsession and compulsion: further support in a non-clinical sample

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Stefania D'Ercole

ABSTRACT: Responsibility is one of the most investigated constructs in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although there are an increasing number of studies on this topic, results seem to be questionable. Whereas several authors reported a significant link between OC behaviour and responsibility in nonclinical as well as in clinical samples, the findings of many authors failed to demonstrate the presence of such an ...

Journal Article: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 8 (4), pp. 274–281, 2001, ISSN: 1099-0879.

1999

 40
  65
646

Obsessions and compulsions: normative data on the Padua Inventory from an Italian non-clinical adolescent sample

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani, Floriana Orazi, Maria Grazia Pietrangeli

ABSTRACT: In the present study the structure of obsessive–compulsive phenomena in non-clinical adolescents was investigated by `The Padua Inventory' (PI). The PI is a self-report measure of obsessive and compulsive symptoms which is used in clinical and research settings. The use of PI in adolescents has been limited by the lack of normative data. Consequently, adolescent validation has both theoretical and practical ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37 (10), pp. 919 - 925, 1999, ISSN: 0005-7967.

1997

 40
  65
769

Quantitative magnetic resonance analysis in vascular dementia.

Franco Giubilei, Stefano Bastianello, Andrea Paolillo, Claudio Gasperini, Paolo Tisei, Anna Rosa Casini, Andrea Gragnani, Luigi Bozzao, Cesare Fieschi

ABSTRACT: The potential role of mag- netic resonance imaging (MRI) in differentiating between specific causes of cognitive decline in pa- tients with vascular dementia (VD) has not yet been fully established. We therefore decided to assess the supratentorial cerebral contents in 24 patients with a diagnosis of prob- able VD and in 24 normal subjects, matched for age and education level, using MRI volumetric parameters ...

Journal Article: Journal of neurology, 244 (4), pp. 246-251, 1997.

0000

 40
  65
0

“Don’t Play God!”: Is inaction preference linked to obsessive compulsive characteristics?

D'Olimpio Francesca, Mancini Francesco

Journal Article: 13 (6), 0000.

116 dati « 3 di 3 »