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129 dati « 3 di 3 »

2008

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2382

I sensi di colpa altruistico e deontologico

Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT:  ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 5 (2), pp. 123-144, 2008.

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1502

Not just right experience: Is it influenced by feelings of guilt?

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi, Claudia Perdighe, Chiara Marini

ABSTRACT: Individuals with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) experience increased guilt. Further, these individuals often report uncomfortable sensations of things being not quite right (“not just right experiences”—NJREs). As to the relation between these psychological phenomena, it was hypothesized that feelings of guilt may enhance NJRE. In two experiments, we demonstrated that the induction of a guilty emotion ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 39 (2), pp. 162 - 176, 2008, ISSN: 0005-7916.

2007

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2161

Il ruolo del ragionamento nella psicopatologia secondo la Hyper Emotion Theory

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi, Philippe N. Johnson-Laird

ABSTRACT: Il modo in cui si ragiona svolge un ruolo cruciale nella genesi e nel mantenimento della psicopatologia. Diversi dati suggeriscono, però, che il ragionamento nei casi patologici non segua regole diverse da quelle che segue in chiunque. Alcuni risultati sperimentali dimostrano, anzi, che i pazienti ragionano in modo formalmente più corretto dei soggetti senza disturbi psicopatologici, ma solo nei loro domini ...

Journal Article: Giornale italiano di psicologia, (4/2007), pp. 763–794, 2007, ISSN: 0390-5349.

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1181

Guilt and focusing in decision-making

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: In this paper we examined the impact of a specific emotion, guilt, on focusing in decision-making. Through the focusing mechanism, when making decisions, individuals tend to restrict their thoughts to what is explicitly represented in the decisional task, disregarding alternatives. In this paper, three experiments are performed to investigate whether an emotional state of guilt can critically guide individuals' ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 20 (1), pp. 1–20, 2007, ISSN: 1099-0771.

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1147

Feeling guilty as a source of information about threat and performance

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, Marcel van den Hout

ABSTRACT: OCD patients experience increased feelings of guilt, threat and uncertainty about harm prevention. As to the relation between these phenomena, it was hypothesised that the experience of guilt acts as “information” that increases the sense of threat and decreases the sense that preventive action is effective. We tested whether state guilt is used as information about risk and prevention effects and whether people ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45 (10), pp. 2387 - 2396, 2007, ISSN: 0005-7967.

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1851

Il ragionamento ed il suo ruolo nei disturbi d’ansia e dell’umore

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT:  ...

Journal Article: Teorie & Modelli, XI (3, 2006), pp. 51-80, 2007.

2006

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1411

Trattamento Cognitivo-Comportamentale nel Disturbo Ossessivo-Compulsivo: risultati di uno studio di esito naturalistico in aperto con follow-up a 6, 12 e 24 mesi

Francesco Mancini, Barbara Barcaccia, Rosario Capo, Amelia Gangemi, Andrea Gragnani, Claudia Perdighe, Antonella Rainone, Giuseppe Romano

ABSTRACT: Le linee-guida internazionali indicano nella terapia farmacologica e nella terapia cognitivo-comportamentale i trattamenti d’elezione. Scopo del presente lavoro è sottoporre a verifica un protocollo d’intervento che coniuga procedure di dimostrata efficacia e interventi che enfatizzano il tema dell’accettazione di quegli stati cognitivi ed emotivi che numerose e recenti ricerche indicano come scarsamente ...

Journal Article: Rivista di psichiatria, (41), 2006, ISSN: 2038-2502.

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1537

Il disagio dei pazienti ossessivi di fronte ad espressioni facciali di rabbia e disgusto: risultati di una indagine preliminare

Claudia Perdighe, Francesco Mancini, Francesca Micaela Serrani, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: In questo articolo presentiamo i risultati di una ricerca preliminare tesa a controllare due ipotesi: la prima è che i pazienti ossessivi scelgono le espressioni di rabbia e disgusto come quelle capaci di metterli maggiormente a disagio, più spesso di quanto accade a pazienti con altri disturbi d’ansia. La seconda ipotesi è che i pazienti ossessivi, più spesso degli altri pazienti ansiosi, immaginano che, se ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 12 ( 2), pp. 197-201, 2006.

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1668

A hyper-emotion theory of psychological illnesse

Philippe N. Johnson-Laird, Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: A “hyper-emotion” theory of psychological illnesses is presented. The theory postulates the processes that construct bodily feelings and basic emotions are computationally crude and outside voluntary control. Psychological illnesses have an onset in which a cognitive evaluation initiates a sequence of unconscious transitions yielding a basic emotion. This emotion is appropriate for the situation but ...

Journal Article: Psychological Review 113, No. 4, 822–841, 113 (4), pp. 822–841, 2006.

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1282

The role of responsibility and fear of guilt in hypothesis-testing

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Recent theories argue that both perceived responsibility and fear of guilt increase obsessive-like behaviours. We propose that hypothesis-testing might account for this effect. Both perceived responsibility and fear of guilt would influence subjects’ hypothesis-testing, by inducing a prudential style. This style implies focusing on and confirming the worst hypothesis, and reiterating the testing process. In our ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 37 (4), pp. 333 - 346, 2006, ISSN: 0005-7916.

2005

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2558

L'esposizione con prevenzione della risposta come pratica della accettazione

Francesco Mancini, AndreaGragnani

ABSTRACT: L'esposizione con prevenzione della risposta è la tecnica con maggior efficacia misurata nella terapia del Disturbo Ossessivo-Compulsivo e di altri disturbi d'ansia (ad esempio, nel Disturbo di Panico). Esistono, tuttavia, delle difficoltà di ordine pratico come la difficoltà di accettazione da parte di molti pazienti ad intraprendere il trattamento e un numero elevato di drop out, e delle difficoltà tecniche ...

Journal Article: Cognitivismo Clinico, 2 (1), pp. 38-58, 2005.

2004

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0

Gli Homework Nel Disturbo Ossessivo-Compulsivo

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani

ABSTRACT: È possibile distinguere due approcci cognitivisti al DO C (Tal lis, 1995a). Il primo ricorre a disfunzioni neuropsicologiche e cognitive di base. Rientra no in questo approccio le spiegazioni in termini di underinclusion , cioè d i tendenza ad ipercategorizzare l’esperienza, i deficit delle funzioni esecutive e della memoria visuo- spaziale (Reed, 1985; Tallis, 1995a, b;  ...

Journal Article: Home work: un’antalogia di prescrizioni terapeutiche, 2004 , pp. 105-136, 2004.

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1850

L'influenza del timore di colpa sui processi cognitivi: il caso del disturbo ossessivo compulsivo

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Gli stati mentali, vale a dire gli scopi e le credenze attivi in un dato momento nella mente di un individuo, influenzano i suoi processi cognitivi? E nel caso, in quale direzione? In particolare, il timore di non essere all'altezza delle proprie responsabilità e dunque di essere colpevole, influenza, in modo particolare, alcuni processi di ragionamento quali, ad esempio, il processo di controllo ingenuo delle ...

Journal Article: Sistemi intelligenti, (1/2004), pp. 113–144, 2004, ISSN: 1120-9550.

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1078

Fear of guilt from behaving irresponsibly in obsessive–compulsive disorder

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Previous cognitive models of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) propose that inflated responsibility plays a key role in the maintenance of symptoms (Behav.Res.Ther. 28 (1985) 571). In this manuscript, we propose that this thesis may be improved by emphasizing that instead, OCD may be characterized by a fear of guilt that would result from behaving irresponsibly and/or from not behaving responsibly. We believe ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 35 (2), pp. 109 - 120, 2004, ISSN: 0005-7916, (Experimental approaches to understanding OCD).

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1284

The influence of responsibility and guilt on naive hypothesis-testing

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Three experiments were used to investigate individuals' hypothesis-testing process as a function of moral perceived utilities, which in turn depend on perceived responsibility and fear of guilt. Moral perceived utilities are related to individuals' moral standards and specifically to people's attempt to face up to their own responsibilities, and to avoid feeling guilty of irresponsibility. The results showed that ...

Journal Article: Thinking & Reasoning, 10 (3), pp. 289-320, 2004.

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1315

Aversion to risk and guilt

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Much research has shown that cognitive processes are largely guided by individuals' states of mind (Mancini & Gangemi, 2002a, in press; Smeets, de Jong, & Mayer, 2000). In this paper, we specifically consider a state of mind characterized by guilt for having acted irresponsibly. This state is currently considered the breeding ground for the obsessive–compulsive disorder (Rachman, 2002; Salkovskis & ...

Journal Article: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 11 (3), pp. 199–206, 2004, ISSN: 1099-0879.

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1296

Manipulation of responsibility in non-clinical subjects: does expectation of failure exacerbate obsessive–compulsive behaviors?

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Luca Cieri

ABSTRACT: An exaggerated sense of responsibility is currently considered as the ground for the obsessive–compulsive disorder. Obsessive-like behaviors, such as hesitations and checks, may be induced in non-clinical subjects by increasing perceived responsibility (i.e., perceived personal influence on negative outcomes). In line with Salkovskis’ proposal [The cognitive approach to anxiety: threat beliefs, safety-seeking ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42 (4), pp. 449 - 457, 2004, ISSN: 0005-7967.

2003

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1778

L’efficacia delle tecniche cognitive nella riattribuzione della stima della probabilità

Andrea Gragnani, Beatrice Toro, Lara De Luca, Maura Cavagnoli, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: Lo scopo di questo studio è valutare l'efficacia ed i principi di funzionamento di alcune tecniche di intervento utilizzate in ambito clinico al fine di ridurre la sovrastima delle probabilità di accadimento di eventi temuti. L' ipotesi principale del presente lavoro è che le tecniche cognitive "torta", "probabilità cumulate" (Van Oppen, Arntz, 1994) "piramide capovolta" (Wells, ...

Journal Article: Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale, 9 (2), pp. 91-108, 2003.

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1151

Disgusto, Contagio e Cognizione, Psichiatria e Psicoterapia

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani

ABSTRACT:  ...

Journal Article: Psichiatria e Psicoterapia Analitica, 22 (1), pp. 38-47, 2003.

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1242

Responsibility, guilt and decision under risk

Andrea Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: In this paper, we hypothesize that individuals' choices (risk-seeking/risk-aversion) depend on moral values, and in particular on how subjects evaluate themselves, as guilty or as victims of a wrong, rather than on the descriptions of the outcomes as given in the options and evaluated accordingly as gains or losses (framing effect). People who evaluate themselves as victims are expected to show a risk-seeking ...

Journal Article: Psychological Reports, (93 ), pp. 1077-1079 , 2003.

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989

Anxiety Sensitivity in età evolutiva. Rilevanza nella genesi e nel trattamento di alcuni disturbi mentali

Francesco Mancini, Rosario Capo

ABSTRACT: Nel presente elaborato vengono presi in esame i principali meccanismi ricorsivi responsabili della genesi e del mantenimento di disturbi mentali in età evolutiva. La trattazione si concentra prevalentemente sulla Anxiety Sensitivity, che consiste in una particolare attitudine cognitiva a temere le sensazioni neurovegetative connesse all'ansia. Vengono prese in esame le implicazioni per la genesi e il mantenimento ...

Journal Article: 40 , pp. 661-672, 2003.

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1820

Timore di colpa e intolleranza all'incertezza

Amelia Gangemi, Barbara Baldini, Francesca Carini, Luca Cieri, Roberta Ciocci, Annarita Cioce, Serenella Ercoli, Tiziana Frellicca, Marinella Frenza, Diletta Masi, Eva Pozzolo, Bianca Reale, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: La letteratura cognitivista clinica riconosce allo stato mentale di colpa e di responsabilità un ruolo speciale nella genesi e nel mantenimento del Disturbo Ossessivo-Compulsivo (DOC). Tra gli altri aspetti il DOC si caratterizza per l'intolleranza all'incertezza, intesa come avversione alle scelte rischiose e preferenza per le scelte certe. Può lo stato mentale della colpa e della responsabilità contribuire a ...

Journal Article: 9 (1), 2003.

2002

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1147

Role of Responsibility in Conditional Reasoning

Francesco Mancini, Amella Gangemi

ABSTRACT: A series of recent studies showed that facilitation on the Wason Selection Task could be produced by perceived utilities. The present work was aimed at testing whether a similar factor could also be involved in human reasoning performance in the context of responsibility. We supposed that the motivation of the subject assuming responsibility is affected by normative goals. These goals prescribe the actions and the ...

Journal Article: Psychological Reports, 91 (1), pp. 275-288, 2002.

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1032

Obsessions and compulsions and intolerance for uncertainty in a non-clinical sample

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Marisa Del Genio, Fabrizio Didonna, Elena Prunetti

ABSTRACT: It has been hypothesized that decision-making difficulties in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder may arise from intolerance for uncertainty. We investigated the relationship between obsessivity and intolerance for uncertainty (defined in terms of need for cognitive closure), controlling for state and trait anxiety and depression. We tested non-clinical subjects through the Need for Closure Scale (NFCS), ...

Journal Article: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 16 (4), pp. 401 - 411, 2002, ISSN: 0887-6185.

2001

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1240

The connection between disgust and obsessions and compulsions in a non-clinical sample

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani, Francesca D'Olimpio

ABSTRACT: Although obsessive-compulsive patients (OCD) frequently report thoughts and compulsions about dirt and contamination, there is scarce evidence for a relationship between disgust and OCD. This study investigates whether there is a specific relationship between obsessive symptoms and disgust, independently of general psychological distress symptoms. We tested 278 non-clinical volunteers, through the Disgust Scale ...

Journal Article: Personality and Individual Differences, 31 (7), pp. 1173 - 1180, 2001, ISSN: 0191-8869.

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1111

Responsibility attitude, obsession and compulsion: further support in a non-clinical sample

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Stefania D'Ercole

ABSTRACT: Responsibility is one of the most investigated constructs in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although there are an increasing number of studies on this topic, results seem to be questionable. Whereas several authors reported a significant link between OC behaviour and responsibility in nonclinical as well as in clinical samples, the findings of many authors failed to demonstrate the presence of such an ...

Journal Article: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 8 (4), pp. 274–281, 2001, ISSN: 1099-0879.

1999

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887

Obsessions and compulsions: normative data on the Padua Inventory from an Italian non-clinical adolescent sample

Francesco Mancini, Andrea Gragnani, Floriana Orazi, Maria Grazia Pietrangeli

ABSTRACT: In the present study the structure of obsessive–compulsive phenomena in non-clinical adolescents was investigated by `The Padua Inventory' (PI). The PI is a self-report measure of obsessive and compulsive symptoms which is used in clinical and research settings. The use of PI in adolescents has been limited by the lack of normative data. Consequently, adolescent validation has both theoretical and practical ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37 (10), pp. 919 - 925, 1999, ISSN: 0005-7967.

1997

 40
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1049

Quantitative magnetic resonance analysis in vascular dementia.

Franco Giubilei, Stefano Bastianello, Andrea Paolillo, Claudio Gasperini, Paolo Tisei, Anna Rosa Casini, Andrea Gragnani, Luigi Bozzao, Cesare Fieschi

ABSTRACT: The potential role of mag- netic resonance imaging (MRI) in differentiating between specific causes of cognitive decline in pa- tients with vascular dementia (VD) has not yet been fully established. We therefore decided to assess the supratentorial cerebral contents in 24 patients with a diagnosis of prob- able VD and in 24 normal subjects, matched for age and education level, using MRI volumetric parameters ...

Journal Article: Journal of neurology, 244 (4), pp. 246-251, 1997.

0000

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0

“Don’t Play God!”: Is inaction preference linked to obsessive compulsive characteristics?

D'Olimpio Francesca, Mancini Francesco

Journal Article: 13 (6), 0000.

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