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2013

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949

Emotion, reasoning, and psychopathology

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, P.N. Johnson-Laird

ABSTRACT: This chapter addresses the two main mysteries of psychopathology: what causes psychological illnesses and what maintains them. One prevalent view is that both result from faulty reasoning. Yet, healthy individuals also err in their reasoning. The chapter outlines an alternative account, the hyper-emotion theory that attributes these illnesses to emotions of a pathological intensity. These hyper-emotions enhance ...

Miscellaneous: 2013, ISBN: 978-1-84872-118-0.

 40
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1052

Models and cognitive change in psychopathology

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, P. N. Johnson-Laird

ABSTRACT: The hyper-emotion theory attributes psychological illnesses to emotions of aberrant intensity, which in turn prompt better reasoning about their causes. Two experiments in which participants drew their own conclusions from syllogistic premises tested this prediction. Individuals from the same populations as the experimental participants rated the believability of likely conclusions. One experiment compared patients ...

Journal Article: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25 (2), pp. 157-164, 2013.

2006

 40
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1452

A hyper-emotion theory of psychological illnesse

Philippe N. Johnson-Laird, Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: A “hyper-emotion” theory of psychological illnesses is presented. The theory postulates the processes that construct bodily feelings and basic emotions are computationally crude and outside voluntary control. Psychological illnesses have an onset in which a cognitive evaluation initiates a sequence of unconscious transitions yielding a basic emotion. This emotion is appropriate for the situation but ...

Journal Article: Psychological Review 113, No. 4, 822–841, 113 (4), pp. 822–841, 2006.