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2004

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1257

Fear of guilt from behaving irresponsibly in obsessive–compulsive disorder

Francesco Mancini, Amelia Gangemi

ABSTRACT: Previous cognitive models of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) propose that inflated responsibility plays a key role in the maintenance of symptoms (Behav.Res.Ther. 28 (1985) 571). In this manuscript, we propose that this thesis may be improved by emphasizing that instead, OCD may be characterized by a fear of guilt that would result from behaving irresponsibly and/or from not behaving responsibly. We believe ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 35 (2), pp. 109 - 120, 2004, ISSN: 0005-7916, (Experimental approaches to understanding OCD).

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1480

Manipulation of responsibility in non-clinical subjects: does expectation of failure exacerbate obsessive–compulsive behaviors?

Francesco Mancini, Francesca D'Olimpio, Luca Cieri

ABSTRACT: An exaggerated sense of responsibility is currently considered as the ground for the obsessive–compulsive disorder. Obsessive-like behaviors, such as hesitations and checks, may be induced in non-clinical subjects by increasing perceived responsibility (i.e., perceived personal influence on negative outcomes). In line with Salkovskis’ proposal [The cognitive approach to anxiety: threat beliefs, safety-seeking ...

Journal Article: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42 (4), pp. 449 - 457, 2004, ISSN: 0005-7967.

2003

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1412

Responsibility, guilt and decision under risk

Andrea Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: In this paper, we hypothesize that individuals' choices (risk-seeking/risk-aversion) depend on moral values, and in particular on how subjects evaluate themselves, as guilty or as victims of a wrong, rather than on the descriptions of the outcomes as given in the options and evaluated accordingly as gains or losses (framing effect). People who evaluate themselves as victims are expected to show a risk-seeking ...

Journal Article: Psychological Reports, (93 ), pp. 1077-1079 , 2003.

2002

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1320

Role of Responsibility in Conditional Reasoning

Francesco Mancini, Amella Gangemi

ABSTRACT: A series of recent studies showed that facilitation on the Wason Selection Task could be produced by perceived utilities. The present work was aimed at testing whether a similar factor could also be involved in human reasoning performance in the context of responsibility. We supposed that the motivation of the subject assuming responsibility is affected by normative goals. These goals prescribe the actions and the ...

Journal Article: Psychological Reports, 91 (1), pp. 275-288, 2002.

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