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Behavior as information about threat in anxiety disorders: A comparison of patients with anxiety disorders and non-anxious controls

Marcel van den Hout, Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, Iris M. Engelhard, Marleen M. Rijkeboer, Marcel van Dams, Irene Klugkist

ABSTRACT: AbstractBackground Gangemi, Mancini, and van den Hout (2012) argued that anxious patients use safety behaviors as information that the situation in which the safety behaviors are displayed is dangerous, even when that situation is objectively safe. This was concluded from a vignette study in which anxious patients and non-clinical controls rated the dangerousness of scripts that were safe or dangerous and in which ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 45 (4), pp. 489 - 495, 2014, ISSN: 0005-7916.



Behavior as information: “If I avoid, then there must be a danger”

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, Marcel van den Hout

ABSTRACT: Background and objectives Cognitive models of anxiety disorders view safety-seeking behaviors (i.e., avoidance, washing, etc.) as playing a crucial role in the maintenance of irrational fear. An explanation of how these behaviors may contribute to the maintenance of unrealistic beliefs is that patients use their safety behaviors as a source of information about the situation (behavior as information): the behavior ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43 (4), pp. 1032 - 1038, 2012, ISSN: 0005-7916.