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Emotion, reasoning, and psychopathology

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini, P.N. Johnson-Laird

ABSTRACT: This chapter addresses the two main mysteries of psychopathology: what causes psychological illnesses and what maintains them. One prevalent view is that both result from faulty reasoning. Yet, healthy individuals also err in their reasoning. The chapter outlines an alternative account, the hyper-emotion theory that attributes these illnesses to emotions of a pathological intensity. These hyper-emotions enhance ...

Miscellaneous: 2013, ISBN: 978-1-84872-118-0.



Deontological and Altruistic Guilt: Evidence for Distinct Neurobiological Substrates

Barbara Basile, Francesco Mancini, Emiliano Macaluso, Carlo Caltagirone, Richard S.J. Frackowiak, Marco Bozzali

ABSTRACT: The feeling of guilt is a complex mental state underlying several human behaviors in both private and social life. From a psychological and evolutionary viewpoint, guilt is an emotional and cognitive function, characterized by prosocial sentiments, entailing specific moral believes, which can be predominantly driven by inner values (deontological guilt) or by more interpersonal situations (altruistic guilt). The ...

Journal Article: Human Brain Mapping , (2), pp. 229–239, 2011.



Guilt and focusing in decision-making

Amelia Gangemi, Francesco Mancini

ABSTRACT: In this paper we examined the impact of a specific emotion, guilt, on focusing in decision-making. Through the focusing mechanism, when making decisions, individuals tend to restrict their thoughts to what is explicitly represented in the decisional task, disregarding alternatives. In this paper, three experiments are performed to investigate whether an emotional state of guilt can critically guide individuals' ...

Journal Article: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 20 (1), pp. 1–20, 2007, ISSN: 1099-0771.